Transformers play a vital role when it comes to generation of power, transmission and distribution. Efficient distribution and use of electricity can be ensured by stepping up or stepping down voltage levels.

Transformers are used

In the power generation sector and here, they are used to step up the voltage of electricity generated at power plants. This is done to increase the efficiency of electrical transmission over long distances through high voltage lines. A large power transformer will increase the voltage levels in order to minimise transmission losses and to maximise the efficiency of electrical distribution networks. Transformers will step down the voltage to levels that are suitable for consumption at distribution centres and substations. This makes the voltage level suitable for consumption in houses, commercial and industrial buildings. There is a big role for transformers to play when it comes to integrating renewable energy sources to the main electrical grid. The voltage varies when it comes to power generated by renewable sources. This will require stepping up or stepping down of the voltages so that the output can be synchronised with the grid. Step up transformers will increase the voltage of electricity that is generated by renewable sources like solar or wind power and this makes for efficient transmission of electricity. The voltage levels will be adjusted by step down transformers when distributing this power to the end users.

There are many industrial applications of transformers

As well and they are used in a variety of processes that require electrical energy. There are power machinery and equipment that need electrical energy round the clock. In manufacturing facilities, transformers will supply power to compressors, pumps, motors etc. so that efficient operations and production processes can be maintained. The step up transformers used in industrial plants will boost the voltage levels for applications such as heating systems, motor control and large scale machinery used in these settings. Low voltage power will be provided by step down transformer for overall lighting of facilities and control circuits. The transportation and infrastructure systems also use transformers and you can see these in the operation of trolleys, trams, trains and other mass transit systems. Transformers are used by railway electrification systems in order to convert high voltage AC power into low voltage levels that are suited to on-board systems and traction motors. Many vehicle charging stations use transformers to do the same thing where voltage levels are steeped down to charge batteries.

Power distribution and voltage regulation

Are provided for telecommunication networks thanks to transformers. Clean stable power can be provided to servers, routers and other networking devices in these facilities to ensure reliable connectivity. To protect sensitive equipment from power surges, isolation transformers are used. These will also protect against electrical noise and voltage fluctuations. In the healthcare sector, transformers are used to power diagnostic devices, medical equipment and healthcare facilities. Isolation transformers are used here to protect against electrical hazards to ensure patient safety and the reliability of equipment. Some of the healthcare equipment that uses this power are CT scanners, MRI machines and X-ray equipment.